日期:2014-5-16 浏览次数:20261次

鍩轰簬mod_proxy+Apache 2.2.16+Tomcat 7鐨勮礋杞藉潎琛′笌闆嗙兢閰嶇疆

鍩轰簬mod_proxy+Apache 2.2.16+Tomcat 7鐨勮礋杞藉潎琛′笌闆嗙兢閰嶇疆聽
Peter Wei杞嚜銆?a href="http://peterwei.iteye.com/blog/757125">http://peterwei.iteye.com/blog/757125銆?/div>

鍩轰簬mod_proxy+Apache 2.2.16+Tomcat 7鐨勮礋杞藉潎琛′笌闆嗙兢閰嶇疆


鍛ㄦ棩鏅氬拰GF鐨勮€佷埂浠枬浜嗕簲绮恫锛屽鑷村懆涓€璧蜂笉浜嗗簥锛屽彧濂借鍋囧湪瀹剁潯瑙夈€傜櫧澶╃潯浜嗗崐澶╋紝鏅氫笂鑷劧鐫′笉鐫€瑙夈€傛濂界幇鍦ㄧ殑椤圭洰涓篃鐢ㄥ埌浜嗚礋杞藉潎琛″拰闆嗙兢鐨勪笢瑗匡紝铏界劧鏈夋柊鎵嬭创鐨勫嵄闄╋紝浣嗚繕鏄墜鐥掞紝鍐冲畾鍐欑偣涓滆タ锛屼互澶囦笉鏃朵箣闇€銆備篃甯屾湜鑳藉澶у鏈夋墍甯姪銆偮?br>
绗竴绔? 鑳屾櫙绠€浠嬄?br>瀵逛簬澶у鏁颁紒涓氬簲鐢紝閮藉笇鏈涜兘鍋氬埌7*24灏忔椂涓嶉棿鏂繍琛屻€傝淇濇寔濡傛楂樼殑鍙敤鎬у苟闈炴槗浜嬶紝姣旇緝甯歌鐨勫仛娉曟槸灏嗙郴缁熼儴缃插埌澶氬彴鏈哄櫒涓婏紝姣忓彴鏈哄櫒閮藉澶栨彁渚涘悓鏍风殑鍔熻兘锛岃繖灏辨槸闆嗙兢銆傜郴缁熷彉涓洪泦缇ゆ椂锛岄櫎浜嗚姹傜郴缁熻兘澶熸敮鎸佹按骞充几缂╁锛岃繕瑕佽В鍐充袱涓棶棰橈細聽
1锛?濡備綍鍧囪 鍦拌闂埌鎻愪緵涓氬姟鍔熻兘鐨勬満鍣ㄣ€偮?br>2锛?濡備綍淇濊瘉褰撴満鍣ㄥ嚭鐜伴棶棰樻椂锛岀敤鎴疯兘鑷姩璺宠浆鍒板彟澶栫殑鏈哄櫒锛屼笉褰卞搷浣跨敤銆?/span>聽
甯哥敤鐨勮礋杞藉潎琛℃妧鏈湁纭欢鍜岃蒋浠朵袱绉嶏紝鏈ず渚嬪父鐢ㄨ蒋浠剁殑鎶€鏈疄鐜般€傝蒋浠朵篃鏈夊緢澶氬疄鐜版妧鏈紝濡傚熀浜巃pache鐨刴od_jk浠ュ強mod_proxy绛夈€傚熀浜巑od_jk鐨勬枃绔犳湁涓嶅皯锛屾湰鏂囨紨绀轰竴涓嬬敤mod_proxy鐨勬柟寮忋€偮?br>瀹炵幇闆嗙兢鐨勫簲鐢ㄦ渶閲嶈鐨勬槸澶勭悊鐢ㄦ埛Session鐨勯棶棰橈紝涓€鑸湁涓夌绛栫暐锛毬?br>1锛?Session澶嶅埗聽
2锛?Session Sticky聽
3锛?鍩轰簬Cache鐨勯泦涓紡Session

鏈枃浣跨敤鐨勬槸Tomcat 7.0.2搴旂敤鏈嶅姟鍣紝鐢ㄧ殑鏂规硶鏄疭ession澶嶅埗銆偮?br>
绗簩绔? 閰嶇疆鐜聽
1锛?JDK1.6,璇疯嚜琛屼笅杞藉畨瑁?鎼濲ava鐨勪竴鑸兘瑁呮湁鐨勫惂锛屽搱鍝堛€偮?br>2锛?Apache 2.2.16, (released 2010-07-25),鐜板湪涓烘搴旇鏄渶鏂扮殑绋冲畾鐗堟湰锛屼笅杞藉湴鍧€: http://httpd.apache.org/download.cgi聽
3锛?Tomcat 7.0.2,鐩墠涔熸槸鏈€鏂扮殑鐗堟湰銆侻inimum Java Version1.6.涓嬭浇鍦板潃锛歨ttp://tomcat.apache.org/download-70.cgi聽
4锛?瀹夎杩囩▼鐣ヂ?br>
绗笁绔? 閮ㄧ讲鍥韭?br>



绗洓绔? Tomcat7闆嗙兢閰嶇疆聽
涓€銆?灏卞湴鍙栨潗锛屽鍒秚omcat7/webapps涓嬬殑examples,閲嶅懡鍚嶄负cluster搴旂敤,浠ュ悗灏辩敤cluster鍋氭祴璇曘€偮?br>浜屻€?璇︾粏閰嶇疆鍙傜収tomcat7 \webapps\docs\cluster-howto.html 鎴栬€卙ttp://tomcat.apache.org/tomcat-7.0-doc/cluster-howto.html聽
涓夈€?涓轰簡鍦═omcat7涓疄鐜皊ession澶嶅埗锛屼互涓嬪繀闇€瀹屾垚锛毬?br>鈥?鎵€鏈塻ession灞炴€у繀闇€瀹炵幇 java.io.Serializable聽
鈥?Uncomment the Cluster element in server.xml銆傛妸Cluster鍏冪礌鐨勬敞閲婂幓鎺夈€傚弬鐓у洓聽
鈥?If you have defined custom cluster valves, make sure you have the ReplicationValve defined as well under the Cluster element in server.xml 銆傚弬鐓у洓聽
鈥?If your Tomcat instances are running on the same machine, make sure the tcpListenPort attribute is unique for each instance, in most cases Tomcat is smart enough to resolve this on it's own by autodetecting available ports in the range 4000-4100銆傚弬鐓у洓< Receiver>涓殑娉ㄩ噴聽
鈥?Make sure your web.xml has the <distributable/> element or set at your <Context distributable="true" /> 鍙傜収鍥浡?br>鈥?If you are using mod_jk, make sure that jvmRoute attribute is set at your Engine <Engine name="Catalina" jvmRoute="node01" > and that the jvmRoute attribute value matches your worker name in workers.properties .鐢╩od_jk鐨勬儏鍐碉紝鎴戜滑鍙互涓嶇銆偮?br>鈥?Make sure that all nodes have the same time and sync with NTP service! 褰撲娇鐢ㄥ鍙版満鍣ㄦ椂锛岃淇濊瘉涓嶅悓鏈哄櫒鏃堕棿鐨勫悓姝ャ€傚師鍥犱负tomcat session澶嶅埗鐨勪竴浜涙満鍒躲€傚叿浣撳師鍥犵湅鏂囨。銆偮?br>鈥?Make sure that your loadbalancer is configured for sticky session mode. 淇濊瘉璐熻浇鍧囪 杞欢璁剧疆涓簊ession sticky妯″紡銆偮?br>鍥涖€?璇︾粏閰嶇疆锛毬?br>1. 淇敼tomcat7_a/conf/server.xml, 鎴戜滑閲囩敤鐨勬槸榛樿鐨勯厤缃紝鍦?lt;Engine>鑺傜偣涓嬫坊鍔狅細聽